Women have two ovaries, which are located next to the uterus. Ovarian Cysts are pockets or sacks in the ovary’s surface or on the ovaries. Most women experience or develop this issue at least once during their lifetime. Sometimes it takes a lot of time to notice these fluid-sacs because they cause no symptoms and are also painless
Findings show that most of the ovarian cysts disappear after a few months, even without treatment. However, these sacs are known for causing severe problems when they rupture. The best way of avoiding this and protecting your health is by knowing the symptoms associated with ovarian cysts and getting regular pelvic tests.
Even if most of the ovarian cysts disappear without causing noticeable symptoms, large ovarian cysts can cause:
- Heaviness or fullness in the abdomen.
- Pelvic pain.
When Should You See a Doctor?
Women are advised to seek medical attention when they have:
- Pain with vomiting or fever.
- Severe, sudden pelvic pain or abdominal pain.
In addition to these symptoms and signs, you should immediately see a healthcare provider when you experience or develop a clammy skin, cold, weakness or lightheadedness, and rapid breathing.
Causes of Ovarian Cysts
Most of the functional cysts are caused by the menstrual cycle. However, there are some other forms of cysts, but they are not common.
Types of Functional Cysts
The ovaries grow cyst-like structure every month known as follicles. These are the parts that produce progesterone and estrogen hormone. They also release the egg during ovulation. A function cyst develops when the normal monthly follicle keeps on growing. The main types of functional cysts include:
Follicular cyst– The egg usually bursts around the midpoint of the menstrual cycle and then travels down via the fallopian tube. The follicular cysts begin when the follicle fails to rapture or release the egg. It continues growing instead of rupturing.
Corpus luteum cysts– Both progesterone and estrogen are produced immediately to initiate conception when the follicle releases the egg. This follicle is known as the corps lituem. It can develop into a cyst when the fluid accumulates inside it.
Function cysts rarely cause pain, are harmless, and disappears on their own after three or two menstrual cycles.
Treatment Methods for Ovarian Cysts
Any cysts that grow larger or do not fade away should be treated to avoid other health issues such as decreased fertility. A doctor may recommend treatment to either remove or shrink the cysts. Some of the effective treatment methods used to remove or shrink ovarian cysts include:
- Birth control pills.